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Ascione, F and Bellia, L and Capozzoli, A and Minichiello, F (2008) Energy saving strategies in air-conditioning for museums. Applied Thermal Engineering. ISSN 13594311 (In Press)

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In the museum environment a strict thermal-hygrometric control is necessary primarily for the correct artwork conservation and then for the visitor thermal comfort. Considering that the air-conditioning system has to operate constantly, suitable techniques permit to obtain useful energy savings, allowing, however, a good dynamic microclimatic control. In this paper a case study is presented about various strategies used to reduce energy requirements for HVAC systems in an exhibition room of a modern museum. Using the dynamic simulation code DOE 2.2 and typical climatic hourly data sets, the annual energy use for an all-air system has been calculated, as well as the savings obtainable using different techniques, such as dehumidification by adsorption (desiccant wheel - saving equal to 15% with respect to a base configuration), total energy recovery from the relief air (passive desiccant – 15%), outdoor airflow rate variation (demand control ventilation – 45%). Moreover, the correspondence has been analysed between the energy request and the admitted variation of indoor temperature and relative humidity: changing the admitted indoor RH range from 50±2% to 50±10%, energy savings around 40% have been obtained. As regards the thermal-hygrometric performance, an optimal control of temperature has been guaranteed with all the configurations, while the best performance in RH control has been obtained with the desiccant system. Considering a simple payback analysis, if the artworks preserved in a museum are particularly sensitive to indoor humidity variation, a desiccant system should be properly used; on the contrary, when the indoor humidity control is not strongly needed, the use of a HVAC system with demand control ventilation is advisable, because of the lowest payback value. The system with total energy recovery presents intermediate features.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Museum; Microclimatic control; HVAC; Energy saving; Energy efficiency
Subjects: ?? climcon ??
English > Simulation
Depositing User: Anna Samuelsson
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2008 07:26
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2017 11:21

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