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Sukwai, Janjira and Mishima, Nobuo and Srinurak, Nattasit first_pagesettingsOrder Article Reprints Open AccessArticle Balancing Cultural Heritage Conservation: Visual Integrity Assessment to Support Change Management in the Buffer Zone of Chiang Mai Historic City Using GIS and Computer-Generated 3D Modeling. Journals Land Volume 11 Issue 5 10.3390/land11050666, 11.

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The cultural landscape of Chiang Mai city, which is characterized by the interlinkage between mountain and historical settlement, has faced the adverse impacts of visual intrusion in its buffer zone from urbanization. However, there are challenges to creating a quantitative visual evaluation for decision making in response to rapid urban change. This study evaluated the impact of building height on the city skyline and utilized existing cultural heritage locations on the mountain to define a protected visual zone while conducting a 3D-GIS-based visibility analysis to identify obstruction in three scenarios: the actual condition scenario (ACS) considering current conditions, the land use scenario (LUS) considering the land use ordinance, and the proposed scenario (PPS) considering mountain skyline protection, using computer-generated 3D city modeling. The comparative results from the analysis of viewshed, line of sight, and development area calculations revealed that the number of obstructed locations in the LUS decreased by 48.46%, and in the PPS, they decreased by 77.99%, while the development area increased by similar amounts, demonstrating that the city can grow and develop despite stricter height controls. In addition, based on a visual assessment, this study established a buffer distance and intensity to protect the integrity of the heritage while allowing the city to develop.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3d modeling; mountain-historic city; cultural heritage; land-use performance; visibility analysis; visual integrity assessment
Subjects: English > Climate Change Adaptation
Depositing User: Susanna Carlsten
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2022 03:18
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2022 03:18

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